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Tortured: Lynndie England Book.

Product Description

“While several books have been written about Abu Ghraib and the prisoner abuses that took place during the Iraq War, to date none of the key players in this drama have given a full account of what transpired at the prison between October and December of 2003. That is, until now. In this book, TORTURED: Lynndie England, Abu Ghraib and the Photographs that Shocked the World – LYNNDIE ENGLAND’S ONLY AUTHORIZED BIOGRAPHY – author Gary Winkler tells all. In addition to revealing the young Army Reservist’s thoughts and feelings about her role in the abuse, the author delves deeper into England’s twisted relationship with Corporal Charles Graner, the questionable conduct of the war and the Bush-era torture policies that contributed to the culture of abuse that came to exist at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq” 

Lynndie had this book made to show her side. I cant really comment on this, it speaks for its self, apparently it did not sell well.

Lynndie Interview: Her side.

Hillary Anderson with her conversation with lynndie enland.

She was the centre of the scandal.

Red: Lynndie England
Purple: Hilary Anderson

“America sees me as this villain, this monster because i was in a photograph for like a split second in time”

She is now on anit depressants and noone will employ her, she lives for carter her five year old son.

she has created a scrap book for her son of all of the scandal so he is not hiding or lying to him.

She has greying hair at 26 years old.

She hates going out in public, but when she does she expects people to whisper.

Interview takes places in a bar in her hometown, she is sat casually with her hair scraped back smoking and having a beverage.

When she arrived to Baghdad in 2003 detainees where already being abused.

When first seeing the abuse she did question it, but was told “yea this is what needs to be done, do whatever they say”

She was not meant to be on the detainee hard site, her job was in administrations, she would visit during the night shifts to visit her boyfriend corporal Charles grainer,

I think alot of people want to no what your realy like ?

“well im a pretty nice generous person you can talk to me about anything, if you needed the shirt of my bck i would give it to you”

how could you have done this? and not though it was wrong what is wrong with you ?

“because i keep telling you guys when we got there, we did question this, and they said yes this is ok in the army and military your gunna think ok obviously this is ok because my chain command my superior says its ok, and im not going to be the one to question that”

your blaming it on orders from above you, on your boyrfriedn and on the government

“yea but im trying to put it all into perspective”

my question is do you have any shame for your role in this or not?

o yea cus im like the black mark, the black sheep of the army.

your ashamed of the fact the military made you look bad? but your not ashames of what was actually going on their is that what your saying?

“it was what we were supposed to be doing, we where doing what we where told to , i dont feel bad about that”

Why did you do that?

“Because like I said grainer pulled the if you love me card then do this, and I guess on some levels i didn’t want to disappoint him, just because the hell leave me an I will feel alone in this war zone.

Grainer’s past consisting of a history of abuse was the supposed ring leader.

Do you accept any responsibility for this yourself?

“yea cus i was dumb enough to be there”

What is your view, your personal view about stripping people naked and degrading them, do you think that that an expectable thing to do to as you put it soften us detainees? Do you think thats ok ?

“Compared to what they would do to us? That’s like nothing, compared, cus if you think about it at the same time they were cutting our guys heads of, burning their bodies, driving them through the streets of Baghdad and hanging them of bridges, and this? This happens at colleges and dorms rooms or whatever, here in the us all the time, or even maybe not this picture, but similar humiliation tactics, and physical excursion, you know everyone goes through that’s kind of stuff in boot camp or the military”

these were yano people who were caught in bar rolls, they where regular prisons most of them so i ask you again do you think its ok to strip people naked and to degrade them?

“For softening up tactics, if it helps get whatever information they might have… sure”.

Court didn’t see it that way, she was sentenced to three years in jail, she got out after serving half of that grainer is still serving a ten year sentence,

inspite of fresh assertions that the former security of defence Donald Rumsfeld was responsible for abuses across American bases, no one more senior has yet been charged.

I think what alot of people want to no is what your really like?

“well im a pretty nice generous person if you talk to me about anything , if you need the shirt of my back ill give it to ya”

she is now on antidepressants and no one will employ her what she lives for is carter he five year old son

the boys farther is grainer, lynndie had to leave her child with her mother whilst she was in jail, his childhood innocence wont last long because soon he will start asking questions,

Ihave all the news papers and stuff, me and my mom saved to do a scrap book,really don’t no. On either the whole prison scandal thing or his farther.

how could you have done this and not thought that’s this is wrong , what is wrong with you?

“because I keep telling you guys when we got there, we did question this, and they said yea this is ok in the army in the military your think ok obviously this is ok because my chain command my superior says it’s ok ,and I’m not gunna be the one to question that,

Your blaming it on orders from above, on your boyfriend on the government

yea but I’m trying to put this all into perspective.

My question is do you have any shame for your role in this?or not?

“Oyea cus im like the black mark, the black sheep of the army”

You ashamed of the fact you made the military look bad? But your not ashamed of what was actually going on their is that what your saying ?

“it was what we where supposed to be doing, we where doing what we where told to do, i don’t feel bad about that”


25.10.10 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGjeavuAxAI

25.10.10 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gvHd9i_ayiw&feature=related

Lynndie, A Baby boy and the Farther in Prision.

No matter how many interviews we read or films we see we will never really no Lynndie England the explanations for her actions remain a mystery, as humans we often lose sight of what is right and what isn’t. She has tried to get on with her life living as normal as possible, but knowing deep down she will forever been seen as the “black sheep of the army”. Lynndie now has a child with Charles their relationship staying strong and she continues to visit him in prsion. Stating that one day she will have to tell their son what happened, finding this unavoidable. They brought it on themselves things like this should be exposed and this is what the media is for on the plus side and negative.

Study diary 7

After looking at PTSD i question why the government hasnt done more for the men coming back. People recieve concelling for breakups, shold soilders not recieve councelling or a service to help deal with loss of friends? and some of the horrific sites they would see out in a war zone like this?…

Im sure most men are to proud to admit needing help, but after watching the documentaries specifiacally designed to show us thes “mens men” breakdown in a state of sadness is hopefully an inspiration for soilders who need help, to recieve it. Something needs to change.

PTSD

When these men come backfrom war, there arnt support groups for them, or help, maybe the very rare one, but they are not helped. Everday people visit councelers to talk about how hard they find things, while these men who have seen the most horrific things and been put into an enviroment for months loosing their friends and killing people recieve no help. It effects home life and the people and families who are around it. The government dont seem to care after wards, the men went fought, some lost their lives, and thats it when there back they expect tem to be ok. Because there men and soilders.Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, arises when a person has been exposed to violence and the constant threat of death. Symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, emotional changes and, very often, the unleashing of domestic violence. Being in a war zone naturally exposes people to violence and can lead to psychological injury that can result in PTSD. 

It is incredibly sad to see this and watch how these men crumble, they arnt really helped, and will forever have these imgaes in there heads. Families fall apart and i no from personnal experience it becomes very hard. You try to help but theres nothing you can do.

Iraq War and Afghanistan

* Intrusive, upsetting memories of the event

  • Flashbacks (acting or feeling like the event is happening again)
  • Nightmares (either of the event or of other frightening things)
  • Feelings of intense distress when reminded of the trauma
  • Intense physical reactions to reminders of the event (e.g. pounding heart, rapid breathing, nausea, muscle tension, sweating)

PTSD symptoms of avoidance and emotional numbing

  • Avoiding activities, places, thoughts, or feelings that remind you of the trauma
  • Inability to remember important aspects of the trauma
  • Loss of interest in activities and life in general
  • Feeling detached from others and emotionally numb
  • Sense of a limited future (you don’t expect to live a normal life span, get married, have a career)

PTSD symptoms of increased arousal

  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • Irritability or outbursts of anger
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hypervigilance (on constant “red alert”)
  • Feeling jumpy and easily startled

Other common symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Anger and irritability
  • Guilt, shame, or self-blame
  • Substance abuse
  • Depression and hopelessness
  • Suicidal thoughts and feelings
  • Feeling alienated and alone
  • Feelings of mistrust and betrayal
  • Headaches, stomach problems, chest pain

The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are ongoing. That’s why the full the impact the war has had on the mental health of soldiers in Iraq in not yet known. One study looked at members of four United States combat infantry units (3 Army and 1 Marine) who had served in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The majority of soldiers were exposed to some kind of traumatic, combat-related situations, such as being attacked or ambushed (92%), seeking dead bodies (94.5%), being shot at (95%), and/or knowing someone who was seriously injured or killed (86.5%).

After deployment, approximately 12.5% had PTSD, a rate greater than that found among these soldiers before deployment.

Friends and families of returning U.S. soldiers know that many veterans bring the war home with them in the form of post-traumatic stress disorder, leading to an extraordinary number of domestic violence cases.

25.10.10 http://ptsd.about.com/od/prevalence/a/MilitaryPTSD.htm

25.10.10 http://helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm

Milgram Experiment

I used the milgram experience as research because it demonstrates to us how far people will go under pressure, it involves two people who have not meet before, therefore being no personnnal connection. One person is attached to a electric belt, the other proceds to ask questions, when the question asre answered wrong the questioned will recieve an electric shock, eventually the shocks get stronger, and go to 450 valts. Noone recieves shocks its all set up but the study s to show us how far someone will go when they are placed under pressure by a higher authority.

“The social psychology of this century reveals a major lesson: often it is not so much the kind of person a man is as the kind of situation in which he finds himself that determines how he will act.” –Stanley Milgram, 1974

25.10.10

25.10.10 http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/milgram.htm

The War Theory

 

Just war theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought. The justification can be either theoretical or historical. The theoretical aspect is concerned with ethically justifying war and the forms that warfare may or may not take. The historical aspect, or the “just war tradition,” deals with the historical body of rules or agreements that have applied in various wars across the ages. For instance, international agreements such as the Geneva and Hague conventions are historical rules aimed at limiting certain kinds of warfare which lawyers may refer to in prosecuting transgressors, but it is the role of ethics to examine these institutional agreements for their philosophical coherence as well as to inquire into whether aspects of the conventions ought to be changed. The just war tradition may also consider the thoughts of various philosophers and lawyers through the ages and examine both their philosophical visions of war’s ethical limits (or absence of) and whether their thoughts have contributed to the body of conventions that have evolved to guide war and warfare.

I looked briefly at the war theory to see what theorists came up with, i find theories and the understnad of people so intresting, so when looking at this subject area i wanted to understand the experiments and theories behind it more.

25.10.10 http://www.iep.utm.edu/justwar/